Horses are herbivorous and essentially exhibit hind gut fermentation. So it is very much essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses in order to block both over feeding and under feeding. The salient features are emphasized regarding feeding.
1. Do not provide non nitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all types as they can’t digest like ruminants.
2. Horses should be supplied dry matter at least 1.5percent of body weight.
3. Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 2.7 for light breeds
Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds
5. So far as green forage is concerned, best fodder is lucerne (either green or hay).
6. For greater use and assimilation of nutrients, the entire daily ration may be divided into 4-6 separate meals.
7. Regularity in feeding, avoid whole feeding before and after exercise and altering ration composition gradually are most important symbols in horse feeding.
8. In horses it’s particular that fodder roughage is given before grains. But if chopped fodder is available then it can be combined with grains or concentrate.
9. No group feeding is advised as far as grain feeding is concerned.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral mixture is added with concentrates.
14. Horses shouldn’t be watered at least 20-30 minutes before and after vigorous exercise.
15. The requirement of drinking water is 36liters each day and may vary according to seasons as in summer the requirement of water increases.
16. For general practise, it’s to provide water before feeding.
17. In general watering schedule, watering should be done three times per day in summer and twice a day at different seasons.
18. Horses are seasonal polyestrous. Early spring is considered as best breeding time in india.
19. Puberty is attained at age 18 months.
20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs old when it attains 75 percent of body weight,
21. Eestrous cycle is 21 days and duration of heat is 4-6 days.
22. The should be bred two to three days after appearance of heat symptoms.
23. The tail of the mare ought to be bandaged and stored away to one side in order to not interfere during copulation.
24. For breeding, 1 stallion is sufficient for 30-40 mares.
25. A stallion ought to be used for 5 times in a week.
26. One most visible sight at the time of parturition is that the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or two weeks before delivery.